4 Ways To Make Your Water Safer For Your Children
If you have children in your home, it is important to limit their exposure to harmful chemicals and organisms that can make them sick. While you probably lock up your cleaning supplies and medicine, you may be surprised to learn that there are many compounds in water that can be harmful to young children in high quantities. If you have young children, it is important to get your water tested, especially if your water is supplied by a private well. If your water is less-than-ideal, you have options for treating it before it reaches your children.
Make Sure You Have the Proper Fluoride Levels
Fluoride is a naturally occurring substance that can help prevent cavities in teeth. Many American communities add fluoride to their drinking water, following the U.S. Center for Disease Control's recommendation that drinking water have a fluoride level less than 2mg/L to prevent dental fluorosis. While levels between 2mg/L and 4mg/L are still considered safe for cooking, if your water has levels higher than 4mg/L, you should look into filtering options for your home.
The most effective filtering option against fluoride is distillation, which involves heating water to separate it from minerals and metals and then collecting the water as it condenses. This can be an expensive form of water treatment, though, so you should compare its cost with the cost of supplying bottled water and fluoride supplements at the appropriate levels.
Reduce Your Child's Exposure to Lead
Children and infants are especially vulnerable to lead that enters their water sources from lead pipes in their home. High amounts of lead can lead to lead poisoning, which can cause brain and neural damage. Despite legislation preventing the use of new lead materials in potable water supplies, many homes still have old lead pipes installed. It is important to get your water tested for lead and limit your children's exposure to lead if it is in their drinking water.
While regularly flushing out your pipes by letting the cold water run for several minutes before using the water and not drinking or cooking with water from the hot water tap can limit your lead problem, you should also look into treating your water with anti-corrosive treatments. Calcite filters can be added to your system before water reaches your lead pipes to help reduce the amount of lead that seeps into your water as it passes through your system, and point-of-use filters can remove lead after it has passed through your system.
Limit Exposure to Arsenic
Long-term exposure to low levels of arsenic has been linked to several types of cancer and skin lesions, and young children can be particularly vulnerable to poisoning over time. Arsenic can seep into ground water and pose problems for your family if you are using a private well. Fortunately, it is possible to remove arsenic in drinking water through point-of-use reverse osmosis filtration systems. These systems can be attached to a faucet or can exist outside of your plumbing system as containers that you filter your drinking water through before giving it to your children or making formula with it.
Reduce Chlorine Dioxide In Your Water
Chlorine dioxide is similar to bleach and is commonly used in water treatment facilities to kill harmful organisms that may be in your drinking water. Unfortunately, young children exposed to too much chlorine dioxide can suffer from effects to the nervous system and anemia. Filtration options for this problem include ferrous salts added to the point of entry or osmosis or distillation treatment at the point of use.
Protecting your children from additives and contaminants in their water is important. However, with the different sources of drinking water and different problems associated with each one, there is no one-size-fits-all solution. It is important that you have your water tested and install appropriate filtration or treatment options to reduce the hazards in your home. Check out a site like http://valleypumpnw.com to learn more about water treatment and filtration.